The Muslim League attacked the government of Unionist Punjabi Muslims, Sikh Akalis and the Congress and led to its downfall. According to the 1998 census, the population of the province is 7,25,85,000. Punjab is a state in northwest region of India and is one of the most prosperous states. Punjab has witnessed a growth in FM radio channels, mainly in the cities of Jalandhar, Patiala and Amritsar, which has become hugely popular. [136] The exact population of Forward castes is not known as their data from Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 is not made public as of 2019.[137]. [117], Botanical gardens exist throughout Punjab. Out of total population of Punjab, 37.48% people live in urban regions. It is based mainly around Mohali city. Hindi is second largest language, spoken by 2,177,853 constituting 7.85% of the population and rest 646,418 spoke's other Indian languages comprising 2.83% in other category. The temperature is generally hot, with marked variations between summer and winter. The Sikh shrine, Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib), is in the city of Amritsar, which houses the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, the topmost Sikh religious body. Another adaptation projects relate to management of indigenous livestock facing heat stress. The regions near the Shivalik Hills experience the maximum and deserts in the west receive the minimum rainfall. The variation in soil profile characteristics are much more pronounced because of the regional climatic differences. The temperature rises gradually with high humidity and overcast skies. Punjab has six civil airports including two international airports: Amritsar International Airport and Chandigarh International Airport; and four domestic airports: Bathinda Airport, Pathankot Airport, Adampur Airport (Jalandhar) and Sahnewal Airport (Ludhiana). It contains several major cities of the country: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala. Prominent private Punjabi channels include news channels like BBC Punjabi,[146] ABP Sanjha,[147] Global Punjab TV,[148] News18 Punjab-Haryana-Himachal,[149] Zee Punjab Haryana Himachal, PTC News and entertainment channels like Zee Punjabi, GET Punjabi, ETC Punjabi, Chardikla Time TV, PTC Punjabi, Colours Punjabi, JUS Punjabi, MH1 and 9x Tashan.[150]. The capital of Punjab is Chandigarh, which also serves as the capital of Haryana and is thus administered separately as a Union Territory of India. The term length of the government is five years. Out of total population, 37.48% people live in urban regions. The winter season in Punjab is mostly experienced in the month of January, when the temperature falls to 5 degree in the night and it is around 12 degree in the morning. The climate here is classified as BSh by the Köppen-Geiger system. These states were ruled by the Scindhia dynasty of the Maratha Empire. [113] Rainfall in the winter provides relief to the farmers as some of the winter crops in the region of Shivalik Hills are entirely dependent on this rainfall. [112], The geography and subtropical latitudinal location of Punjab lead to large variations in temperature from month to month. Hope we have satisfied your need for PPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, [jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to PPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any PPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″], Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! [52] A belt of undulating hills extends along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas. Indian Punjab is called the "Granary of India" or "India's bread-basket". Pre-summer season (March to mid-April): This is the period of transition between winter and summer. The state of Punjab is divided into five administrative divisions and twenty-two districts. [198], This article is about a state of India. Weather tends to be humid during July –September due to increased moisture contents in the air, However these months are comfortable due reduced day temperature. The winds remain dry and warm during the last week of March, commencing the harvest period. The climate of Punjab is of continental nature with considerable heat in summer while winters are positively cold. These are Sri Akal Takht Sahib, Damdama Sahib and Anandpur Sahib. Since the 2000s Punjabi cinema has seen a revival with more releases every year with bigger budgets, homegrown stars, and Bollywood actors of Punjabi descent taking part. They are the summer months that spans from mid April to the end of June. Climate can be defined as the average weather experienced by a region over a period of time. Rice and wheat are doublecropped in Punjab with rice stalks being burned off over millions of acres prior to the planting of wheat. Zone II is considered a low-damage risk zone; zone III is considered a moderate-damage risk zone; and zone IV is considered a high-damage risk zone. The weather is uncomfortable during summer, or the pre-monsoon season, which lasts from April to June, and the rainy season begins in the last quarter of June and lasts until the first quarter of September (GoP 2007). Winter season in northern part are blight for the poor who cannot arrange for protection against cold climate. The literacy rate rose to 75.84 per cent as per 2011 population census. [81][82] The word Punjab is a compound of the Persian words panj (five) and āb (waters). This is believed to be due to excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides over the years. [99] This opportunity was used by the British Empire to launch the Anglo-Sikh Wars. They are: Apart from these three main seasons, the state also experiences transitional seasons like: The area starts experiencing mild hot temperature from February month. Even though only limited regions experience temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F), ground frost is commonly found in the majority of Punjab during the winter season. Punjab can be divided into three distinct climate Regions. [193] Moreover, there is a rapidly expanding array of international hotels in the holy city at Heritage Walk Amritsar that can be booked for overnight stays. Amritsar Airport is 47 miles from Jalandhar, so the actual climate in Jalandhar can vary a bit. After the fall of the Maurya Empire, the region was splintered into multiple kingdoms and republics. The minimum temperature of the region remains below 5 °C (41 °F) for almost two months during the winter season. [123] Punjab is one of the most fertile regions in India. After two years of gaining supporters, Banda Singh Bahadur initiated an agrarian uprising by breaking up the large estates of Zamindar families and distributing the land to the poor Sikh and Hindu peasants who farmed the land. The Punjab Climate is determined by the extreme hot and extreme cold conditions. Classifications. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. Other main newspapers are Daily Punjab Times, Rozana Spokesman, Nawan Zamana, etc. Punjab government organises World Kabaddi League,[188][189], Punjab Games and annual Kabaddi World Cup for Circle Style Kabbadi in which teams from countries like Argentina, Canada, Denmark, England, India, Iran, Kenya, Pakistan, Scotland, Sierra Leone, Spain and United States participated. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. The Punjabi language is written in several different scripts, of which the Shahmukhi, the Gurmukhī scripts are the most commonly used. Punjab also has the world's first museum based on the Indian Partition of 1947, in Amritsar, called the Partition Museum. Sikhism originated in the Punjab region during the 15th century. Current Projects contributing to Climate Change. The area experiences pressure variations during summer months. Punjab has 104,000 (104,000) engineering seats. Punjab, the land of five rivers, is best visited between the months of October and March. All data correspond to the … Monsoon brings joy to the agriculture field as it is the time when farmers become very busy. [94] He ruled the territory between the Sutlej River and the Yamuna River, established a capital in the Himalayas at Lohgarh, and struck coinage in the names of Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh. New ed. Annual Weather Averages in Amritsar Airport. Ludhiana recorded the highest maximum temperature at 46.1 °C (115.0 °F) with Patiala and Amritsar recording 45.5 °C (113.9 °F). Punjab is situated in the North-Eastern part of India. Punjab Green Development Program (Environmental and Social Systems Assessment (ESSA) GoPunjab has developed a broad program to address environmental issues and promote green development in Punjab in the short, medium, and long term. The state had to intervene to arrest the … Punjab has the largest population of Sikhs in India and is the only state where Sikhs form a majority, numbering around 16 million forming 57.69% of the state population. This resulted in i mpoverishment of the rich traditions of classical music", "Mohali to get electronic and film city: MP Manish Tewari", "UNESCO - Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India", "Ignored for years, local craft may soon find place in luxury hotels", "Inside humble trappings, vivid expressions of Punjabi cuisine", "13 Best Punjabi Recipes | Easy Punjabi Recipes", "Eating Out Park Plaza brings you the hearty Punjabi flavours at its ongoing food festival", "Bandi Chhor Divas Reflection: A Lesson In Selflessness", "Sikhs celebrate Diwali and Bandi Chhor Divas at Ilford gurdwara", "Maghi Mela: Four political parties erect stages to hold conferences", "Hola Mohalla 2015: Facts, History, Rituals Surrounding The Sikh Festival", "Circle Style Kabaddi in a new avatar – World-wide Kabaddi League", "Kabaddi player alleges Punjab Police pushed him into drugs", "Punjab women enter semi-finals of National Hockey Championship", "World Kabaddi League announces team franchise names and logos", "the World Kabaddi League (WKL) was launched with the promoters – Punjab Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Singh Badal is the president of the league while former India hockey captain Pargat Singh is the league commissioner – unveiling the eight teams, their owners and marquee players", "Sierra Leone, England win in Kabbadi World Cup", "World Heritage Day: 8 places to visit in Punjab", Lonely Planet tips Mumbai as a must-see destination in 2008, "सुदर्शन चक्र ने किए थे देवी सती के 51 टुकड़े, यहां भी कटकर गिरा शरीर का भाग", "Pictures displayed at media centre attract visitors to 'Kila Raipur' games", "Kila Raipur sports festival begins today", "Amritsar-based Partition Museum to ink pact with Manchester Museum", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjab,_India&oldid=998681649#Climate, States and territories established in 1956, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with incomplete citations from May 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2014, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Ludhiana Climatological Table, 1981-2010, Monsoon (early July to the end of September). [3] 32% of Punjab's population consists of Dalits. It is not uniform over the whole region, with the sections adjacent to the Himalayas receiving heavier rainfall than those at a distance. Environmental Impact Assessments 2. Other important crops are rice, cotton, sugarcane, pearl millet, maize, barley and fruit. Hindus believe in using Dharma to purify the soul (Atman) and to connect with a greater "eternal energy" (Paramātmā). The effect of winter season diminishes by the first week of March. [91], Guru Gobind Singh assumed the guruship in 1675 and to avoid battles with Sivalik Hill Rajas moved the guruship to Paunta. Punjab has an inland subtropical location, and its climate is continental, being semiarid to subhumid. The climate of Punjab is semi-arid and tropical. The climate of Punjab is tropical, semi-arid, hot and subtropical monsoon type. The mystic folk songs and religious songs include the Shalooks of Sikh gurus, Baba Farid and others. [162], The most famous of the romantic love songs are Mayhiah, Dhola and Boliyan. [172], The first Punjabi film was made in 1936. Punjab state experiences minimum temperature during December to February months. Punjab has 22 districts which are geographically classified into Majha, Malwa, Doaba and Poadh regions. The main geographical footprint of the empire was the Punjab region. Summers are very hot. [92], In 1701, a combined army composed of the Sivalik Hill Rajas and the Mughal army under Wazir Khan attacked Anandpur and, following a retreat by the Khalsa, was defeated by the Khalsa at the Battle of Muktsar. The mean night and day temperatures fall to 5 °C (41 °F) and 12 °C (54 °F), respectively. The sun rays are oblique during these months and the cold winds control the temperature rises with. Is provided by the Köppen-Geiger system the climate of Punjab are the Sutlej frontier to secure their possessions. 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